1. 中国经济 Chinese economy
2. 繁荣 booming/thriving/prosperity
3. 萧条 decline/recession/depression
4. 有巨大消费潜力 have huge consumption potential
5. 购买力 purchasing power
6. 把……列为基本国策 list…as fundamental national policy
7. 扩大消费市场 expand consumption market
8. 推动消费升级 promote consumption upgrading
9. 推出优惠政策 release preferential policies
10. 降低个人所得税 lower individual income tax
11. 鼓励收入多元化 encourage income diversification
12. 平均收入 per capita income
13. 提高生活水平 enhance the living standard
14. 购房 purchase an apartment
15. 支付房租 pay the rent
16. 交通成本 transport cost
17. 食品开支 expense on food
18. 教育开支 educational expenditure
19. 减轻税负 reduce tax
20. 鼓励消费 encourage consumption
The pie chart/line chart/bar chart/chart given above reflects…
2. ….占有… %， 占最大部分。
Proportion on ... accounts for… %, ranking first.
Obviously, such statistics regarding family expenses reflects the lifestyles of the average urban family in China.
The recent rapid growth of national economy and personal wealth in recent years lays a solid basis for purchasing a spacious apartment.
Urban residents attach great importance to educational and cultural services, so they invest a lot on their family’s future.
Driven by the recent economic growth, the living standard of ordinary residents has been raised rapidly.
Rapidly rising household incomes bring about strong purchasing power.
To encourage residents to consume, the government has introduced a series of preferential policies, including reducing individual income tax.
The phenomenon mirrored by the pie chart is bound to continue for a couple of years in the forthcoming future.
The government has made encouraging consumption an important state policy and vigorously promoted the upgrading of consumer spending.
Write an essay based on the chart below. In your writing, you should
1) interpret the chart, and
2) give your comments.
You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET.(15 points)
The chart given above reflects the distribution of consumption for residents in a city in 2017. To be specific, proportion on purchasing or renting an apartment accounts for 32.1% of the total income, ranking first. Expenditure on educational and cultural services and on food occupies 21% and 18.2% respectively, with transport expense 17.5%.
It is no difficulty for us to come up with some possible factors to account for the phenomenon. To begin with, the recent rapid growth of national economy in recent years stimulates higher prices for apartments in the city, which can justify a higher residential consumption. In addition, the majority of urban residents usually attach great importance on education, so they also invest a lot on education and cultural services.
Taking above-mentioned analysis into account, we can naturally arrive at the conclusion: as the society further develops, the phenomenon mirrored by the pie chart is bound to continue for a couple of years in the forthcoming future, which is truly acceptable in general.